President Joe Biden boards Marine One at the White House on July 20.

Azerbaijan reignited a longstanding conflict with Armenia last week.
The two countries are part of a web of partnerships with Russia and its Western rivals.
Those overlapping relationships show the folly of basing US policy on “good” democracies vs. “bad” autocracies.

Azerbaijan began shelling positions across its border with Armenia last week, reigniting a longstanding conflict between the two countries.

Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Armenia and Azerbaijan have fought multiple wars over the status of the Nagorno-Karabakh region, a primarily Armenian ethnic enclave within Azerbaijan that Armenia recognizes as a separate republic called Artsakh, and with which Armenia has long desired unification.

An Armenian victory in the early 1990s gave it control over Nagorno-Karabakh and a large corridor of Azerbaijani territory linking it to Armenia proper, but a war in 2020 resulted in a decisive Azeri victory that reestablished Azerbaijan’s control over the disputed territories.

The conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan is only one part of a broader geopolitical contest, however.

Azerbaijani troops in the city of Lachin on September 1.

While Armenia and Azerbaijan both have warm relations with Russia, Armenia has a security agreement with Russia as part of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), an alliance of six post-Soviet states in Central Asia.

Azerbaijan, on the other hand, whose population is primarily ethnically and linguistically Turkic and religiously Muslim, enjoys firm support from Turkey.

Turkey and Armenia have long been at odds, and the shadow of the Ottoman genocide of Armenians in 1915 continues to fall over relations between the neighboring countries.

In recent years, Ankara has sought an independent course with Moscow, despite being a NATO member. On the one hand, Erdogan has sought to maintain cordial relations with Putin, particularly in the …read more

Source:: Business Insider

      

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